kisah s class

“S-Class” adalah versi Inggris-kan dari “S-Klasse,” singkatan Jerman “Sonderklasse,” yang berarti “kelas khusus” (dalam arti “kelas tersendiri”). Dalam istilah otomotif mengacu pada “mobil khusus dilengkapi.” Meskipun digunakan bahasa sehari-hari selama beberapa dekade, setelah aplikasi resmi pada tahun 1972, enam generasi resmi bernama sedan S-Class telah dihasilkan. Sebelumnya model dua pintu coupe dari S-Class yang dikenal sebagai SEC dan kemudian S-Coupe. Pada tahun 1998 coupe S-Class berputar off di baris terpisah sebagai CL-Class, namun pada bulan Juni 2014, telah kembali ditunjuk sebagai S-Class Coupé untuk model tahun 2015, melakukan jauh dengan Cl- yang Class.

Fourth generation W220 (1998–2005)

Pada bulan Juli 1998, W220 diperkenalkan. The W220 S-Class benar-benar dibenahi, dengan tubuh yang sedikit lebih kecil dan lebih ringan dari pendahulunya. Tidak seperti pendahulunya, W220 adalah bukan model pertama yang memiliki fitur desain baru tema perusahaan untuk generasi berikutnya dari Mercedes-Benz. Kehormatan ini diberikan kepada A-Class saat diluncurkan pada tahun 1997. baru S-Class dimasukkan isyarat styling baru pertama kali diperkenalkan pada Mk I A-Class tahun sebelumnya (misalnya, dashboard dibawa baru detail styling pertama terlihat di A-Class), dengan fokus baru pada keanggunan dan gaya dalam bentuk yang lebih bulat dibandingkan dengan W140 sebelumnya. Meskipun kecil, W220 S-Class menawarkan lebih banyak ruang interior dari W140 ini. Produksi W220 S-Class mencapai 485.000 unit, sedikit lebih banyak dari total produksi dari W140 ini. The W220 diproduksi dalam versi sedan saja. [5]

Seperti dengan masing-masing baru S-Class, W220 membawa inovasi seperti suspensi udara Airmatic dan Kursi berventilasi Aktif (yang digunakan penggemar miniatur di kursi untuk memindahkan udara melalui perforasi). Sebuah sistem navigasi dengan pusat layar konsol-mount diperkenalkan, bersama dengan sistem input kontrol COMAND. Pilihan lain termasuk keyless entry dan pengapian, sistem Distronic cruise control radar-dikontrol dan silinder sistem shut-off disebut Kontrol Aktif Cylinder. The 4MATIC sistem all-wheel drive diperkenalkan ke pasar Amerika Utara S-Class tahun 2003, melengkapi konfigurasi penggerak roda belakang tradisional.

The W220

Sementara Consumer Reports diklasifikasikan reliabilitas model W220 sebagai “miskin,” rating terendah, dan menyatakan itu salah satu “mobil mewah paling dapat diandalkan,” [6] Edmunds memberikan S-Class peringkat 5 dari 5 keandalan [7] dan MSN Autos menetapkan Peringkat ahli 9,0 dari 10. [8] Pada bulan Maret 2011, Consumer Reports telah berubah peringkat kehandalan untuk tahun 2001 dan 2002 S-Class sebagai telah ditingkatkan untuk “rata-rata”. Membangun kualitas secara umum dianggap baik. Misalnya, Forbes menggambarkan W220 S500 sebagai “dibangun dengan sangat baik.” [9] Awal W220s telah ditarik untuk masalah dengan pegas batang dan saluran bahan bakar hidrolik; tidak ada penarikan untuk 2005 atau 2006 Model tahun.

Pada tahun 2002, Mercedes-Benz memperkenalkan sistem keselamatan preemptive pertama di dunia pada W220 dengan iterasi pertama dari Pra-Safe. The W220 S-Class menerima penyegaran eksterior dengan update fasia depan. Sudut grille disesuaikan dengan posisi yang sedikit lebih tegak, dan lampu depan xenon-discharge diberi perumahan transparan baru, menggantikan versi sebelumnya buram. Intake udara rendah bumper depan yang juga dibenahi. Pada tahun 2005, S-Class adalah kendaraan pertama yang menerima sertifikat lingkungan TÜV Institute dari Komisi Jerman pada Kepatuhan Teknis untuk komponen ramah lingkungan. [10]

Fifth generation W221 (2005–2013)

The W221 semua-baru diperkenalkan pada musim gugur tahun 2005 di Frankfurt International Motor Show, dengan penjualan dimulai pada musim gugur tahun 2005 dan ekspor ke pasar lain mulai tahun 2006. W221 S-Class membuat premier di Amerika Utara pada 2006 Amerika Utara International Auto Show pada bulan Januari. Terbaru S-Class sedikit lebih besar dalam semua dimensi dari pendahulunya, dan fitur tiga mesin baru dikembangkan dengan peningkatan daya hingga 26%. Interior benar-benar baru, semua bahan telah ditingkatkan dan membuat untuk naik lebih mewah, dan konsol tengah gigi transmisi tuas telah diganti dengan shifter kolom-mount. Fitur teknologi baru pada W221 termasuk inframerah Night View fitur dan terbaru Mercedes-Benz sistem pre-collision Assist. The W221 memiliki styling eksterior tajam (terutama lebar busur fender) dan perbaikan teknologi. The W221 adalah generasi kedua berturut-turut dari S-Class yang akan hanya diproduksi dalam gaya tubuh sedan.

Model yang dijual di Amerika Utara adalah S450 (2008-, SWB dan Kanada), S400 Hybrid (2010-), S350 BlueTEC 4MATIC (2012-), S550, S600, S63 AMG dan S65 AMG; model lain untuk dijual di luar Amerika Utara termasuk S280, S350, S300, S420 CDI dan S320 CDI. Model W221 pertama kali dirilis di Amerika Utara dan Jepang adalah S550 (disebut S500 di luar Amerika Utara dan Jepang), dengan S600 tiba di musim semi berikutnya. [11] [12] Mercedes Benz Mexico juga memproduksi model spesifikasi polisi S -600, S-600P. The S-600P mirip dengan standar S-600 namun dilengkapi dengan turbo ganda dibebankan mesin dari S65 AMG V-12 dan termasuk lampu polisi, sirene, run-flat tires, pistol gunung, unit komputer Lanix terintegrasi dengan jaringan host polisi, opsional tahanan kandang dan menahan diri kursi, dan tingkat B6 / B7 armoring. The S-600P hanya dibangun di Meksiko dan hanya datang dalam versi-wheelbase panjang. Pemerintah Meksiko menggunakan S-600P yang terutama untuk mengangkut tokoh penting, tapi beberapa departemen kepolisian di kota-kota kaya di negara menggunakannya sebagai kendaraan patroli, seperti halnya Polisi Federal Meksiko dalam jumlah terbatas. Sejumlah kecil S-600P dibeli oleh kepolisian dari Guangzhou, China untuk melindungi tokoh-tokoh kunci pemerintah.

W221, Model S500

Di AS untuk model tahun 2010, S-Class menerima facelift di seluruh garis model pada pertengahan 2009. Siang hari LED lampu berjalan yang dipasang pada tepi luar dari unit lampu bi-xenon. Bagian belakang beraksen dengan total 52 LED khas diatur dalam dua lampu belakang. Pergi adalah strip tubuh berwarna melalui lampu ekor. Perubahan mencolok lainnya di depan mobil adalah berbentuk panah grille lebih jelas, ditambah bumper depan baru dengan kontur-catching cahaya dan chrome strip di bawah intake udara pendingin. Baru, rear-view mirror pintu ramping dengan sinyal giliran LED juga ditambahkan. Knalpot knalpot semua varian S-Class yang tampak diintegrasikan ke bumper belakang. Roda yang diperbarui untuk lebih yang bergaya modern. Juga baru adalah Hybrid versi S400. Keamanan juga ditingkatkan pada kebanyakan model Mercedes Benz, dengan reflektor cahaya berwarna oranye dipasang di sisi bumper. Juga, sebelum diperbarui memiliki C-Class melihat di depan. Setelah itu menghilang. Juga, beberapa krom mengkilap ditambahkan ke bagian bawah pintu dan bumper. [13]

Dalam hal kinerja, S550 melengkapi 0-60 mph hanya dalam jangka waktu 5,4 detik. Meskipun memiliki berat 2304 kg, S65 AMG masih membuat 0 hingga 60 hanya dalam waktu 4,2 detik. [14] S 63 AMG dan S600 membuat sprint yang sama di sekitar 4,6 detik. Mercedes-AMG mengklaim bahwa S63 akan menarik dari 50 mph sampai 70 mph dalam sekitar 3,9 detik sedangkan S65 membuatnya dari 50 mph sampai 70 mph dalam 3,6 detik.

2010 Mercedes-Benz S400 BlueHybrid (AS)

Rem terus menjadi lebih maju dengan Brake Assist baru sistem pemantauan Ditambah untuk tabrakan yang akan datang dan meningkatkan pengereman jika diperlukan, sedangkan Distronic Ditambah radar dipandu cruise control sekarang dapat membawa mobil untuk berhenti sama sekali. [15] Sistem ini bekerja di kondisi luar ruangan; tes demonstrasi oleh Mercedes-Benz di aula crash-test menghasilkan malu bagi perusahaan ketika baru S-Class menabrak bagian belakang stasioner W220 S-Class. Kejadian ini kemudian dikaitkan dengan sistem radar tidak berfungsi di dalam [16] radar-reflektif (yaitu radar-membingungkan) bangunan uji baja di mana acara difilmkan.

Department store kelas atas Saks Fifth Avenue menawarkan 20 edisi khusus S600 sedan dijual di katalognya Natal 2005. Semua 20 mobil, dengan harga US $ 145.000 masing-masing, yang dijual pada tanggal 22 November 2005 di bawah tujuh menit. The Saks edisi S600 sedan selesai dalam eksterior hitam mocha dengan interior beige almond dan contoh pertama dari S600 untuk dijual kepada pemilik swasta. The S600s datang dengan hampir setiap standar pilihan. Pada tahun 2007, Majalah Otomotif bernama W221 S-Class sebagai salah satu tahun 2007 “All-Stars” atas rival dari Lexus dan BMW, [17] dan Car and Driver memilih S550 sebagai pemenang dalam tes perbandingan lima cara andalannya sedan mewah, [18] seperti yang dilakukan Motor Trend Magazine pada bulan Juli 2009 dalam tes perbandingan tiga cara, dengan dua pesaing lainnya adalah BMW 750Li, dan Audi A8L 4.2 Quattro. The W221 S-Class juga penerima beberapa penghargaan otomotif lainnya (lihat berikut).

Sixth generation W222/C217 (2013–present)

First generation (1972–1980)Edit

W116
450SELI 0411.jpg
Overview
Also called 280S/SE/SEL, 350/450SE/SEL, 300SD
Production 1972–1980
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 2.8 L I6
3.5 L V8
4.5 L V8
6.9 L V8
3.0 L I5 turbodiesel
Transmission 3-speed automatic
4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Main article: Mercedes-Benz W116

In 1972, Mercedes-Benz introduced the W116 line, the first to be officially called the S-Class.[3] Produced from 1972 through 1980, the W116 series featured a four-wheel independent suspension and disc brakes. The 280, 350, and 450 (4.5L version) models featured SE and SEL versions. Production of the W116 totaled 473,035 units. This was a groundbreaking sedan for Mercedes-Benz, and for the first time in the company history, the car had an obvious, blatant and outward emphasis on safety placed above a pure styling viewpoint. The overall design incorporated numerous safety features developed from the “safety research vehicles” in the mid-to-late 1960s to the very early 1970s.

These safety features were all newly introduced passenger-car “firsts” on a production vehicle: padded door trim around the windows, heavily padded steering wheel (later to be replaced by an airbag with the Mercedes-Benz abbreviation of SRS standing for the English-language term Supplemental Restraint System), more comprehensive safety padding on the dashboard and around the interior, dual asymmetric windshield wipers, headrests with a center depression to locate the occupant’s head in a more central position during a rear impact, a rain-water management system to improve visibility consisting of deep channels on both sides of the windshield and flowing into deeply channeled rain gutters, including similar designs on the side mirrors, rounded body shapes along the edges, such as the tops of the front fenders, etc., designed to ameliorate pedestrian injuries, ribbed rear taillamp lenses which would remain clearer of dirt on the recessed areas, an easy-to-access first aid kit stowed in a recessed compartment on the rear parcel shelf prominently labeled with the universally recognized “cross” symbol which represents “first aid”, and several other subtle safety features related to both active and passive safety. The Mercedes Benz S-Class is a classic chauffeur driven car,[4] and has frequently been used as standard by car hire companies. It is comfortable and safe as well as elegant looking; ideal for drives across the countryside or high class transport on a night out.

The W116 models were large luxury sedans. The W116 was larger on the outside than the W108/W109 series it replaced, but had similar interior capacity, as the additional bulk was driven by several new and aforementioned engineering developments on car safety and occupant protection in a crash. The W116 introduced other improved passive safety features into the vehicle design, including a strengthened vehicle occupant shell. It was one of the first cars to be available with ABS, a driver’s airbag supplemental restraint system (but not available at the vehicle’s initial launch), and the first appearance of a turbocharger for the diesel engine.

The 450SE, then the most powerful model in the W116 lineup, was awarded European Car of the Year in 1974. At the New England Auto Show in 1972 held in the fall season in Boston, the Munroney Label (window sticker) of a 1973 450SE was right at $13,000. 1973 was the first model year of the W116 for the US market. Starting in 1975, the W116 was upgraded with a new fuel injection system to comply with revised exhaust emission standards in European markets. A slight power reduction was a result of this update, but in 1978, a series of further engine upgrades restored original performance levels under the new fuel injection systems. Between 1973 and 1977, 997 Special Edition W116 models were made on order by Mercedes. These cars incorporated stronger body paneling and suspension and was 50 kg heavier than its normal counterpart.

Large boxy rear lights of the 1970s W116, the first official “S-Class”

EnginesEdit

With the W116 models, the V8-engines of the 350/450 SE/SEL models were now regular options. Due to the oil crisis, fuel efficiency was the major concern for the engineers, yet they still added also the high-performance, limited-production 450 SEL 6.9. This 8-cylinder model, affectionately referred to as simply “the 6.9”, boasted the largest engine installed in a postwar Mercedes-Benz up to that time. Every 450 SEL 6.9 featured a self-levelinghydropneumatic suspension, and offered the ABS anti-lock braking system as an option from 1978 onwards. Also, in the United States and Canada only, Mercedes-Benz introduced the economical but powerful 3.0-liter 5-cylinder turbodiesel in 1978, sold as the 300SD.

Second generation W126 (1979–1992)Edit

W126
1987-1992 Mercedes-Benz 300 SEL (W126) sedan 02.jpg
Overview
Also called 260/280/300/380SE/SEL, 420/500/560SE/SEL/SEC, 300/350SD/SDL
Production December 1979 – April 1992
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 2.6 L straight-six
2.8 L straight-six
3.0 L straight-six
3.5 L straight-six
3.8 L V8
4.2 L V8
5.0 L V8
5.6 L V8
3.0 L 5-cylinder turbodiesel
3.0 L 6-cylinder turbodiesel
3.5 L 6-cylinder turbodiesel
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Main article: Mercedes-Benz W126

The W126 series premiered in late 1979 as an 1980 model, and in March 1980 as an 1981 model in the USA and Australia replacing the W116 line. The W126 line featured improved aerodynamics and enlarged aluminum engine blocks. In 1981, the W126 S-Class won the Wheels magazine (Australia) Car of the Year award. The W126 was manufactured from 1979 through 1991 with a mid-cycle update. Coupé models based on the S-Class were reintroduced with the W126 (380/500 SEC). Total sales of the W126 S-Class sedans reached 818,036 units, with an additional 74,060 coupes sold.

The W126, the most successful S-Class (U.S. grey-market example)

In 1981, the W126 introduced a driver side airbag, as patented by Mercedes-Benz in 1971, as well as the passenger side airbags (in 1988), seat-belt pretensioners, and traction control. The interior featured additional courtesy and reading lamps, along with heated seats and a more advanced climate control system. A four-speed automatic transmission was standard.

Although the top of range Mercedes-Benz 450SEL 6.9 of the previous generation was not directly replaced, the W126 carried forward the hydropneumatic suspension of the 6.9 as an option on the 500SEL. A new cruise control system was offered as well. Succeeding the roadster basedcoupes, the W126 introduced a two-door variant, the SEC coupé. The W126 S-Class received a mid-cycle update in 1986 with exterior modifications and engine upgrades occurred.

The W126 500 SEL.

EnginesEdit

Powerplants on the W126 S-Class included straight-6 and V8 engines. Most sales came from the diesel model in Europe and straight-six models in the United States, although the V8 models were praised by contemporary journalists. During the W126 mid-cycle update in 1986, both the straight-6 and V8 engines were upgraded in several models to different displacement levels (six-cylinder upgraded from 2.8 L to 3.0 L, eight-cylinder upgraded from 3.8 L to 4.2 L, and 5.0 L to 5.6 L).

Third generation W140/C140 (1991–1998)Edit

W140
Mercedes-Benz S-Class W140.jpg
Overview
Also called 300SE/SEL, 400/500/600SEL, 500/600SEC, 300SDL, 350SDL (1991-1993)
S280/300/320/320L/420/420L/500/500L/600/600L (1993-1998)
Production April 1991 – August 1998
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 2.8 L 197 hp (147 kW) I6
3.2 L 228 hp (170 kW) I6
4.2 L 275 hp (205 kW) V8
5.0 L 330 hp (250 kW) V8
6.0 L 408 hp (304 kW) V12 M120 (1991–1993)
6.0 L 389 hp (290 kW) V12 M120 (1994–1999)
3.0 L Turbodiesel 177 hp (132 kW) I6
3.5 L Turbodiesel 148 hp (110 kW) I6
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Main article: Mercedes-Benz W140

In 1991, the W140 series replaced the W126 line with the first production model assembled on August 6 of that year.[citation needed] The W140 grew in proportions and featured two wheelbase lengths and a shorter-wheelbase W140 coupé. Production totalled 432,732 units.[citation needed]

The W140 cost 25% more than the W126 it replaced and featured double-pane window glazing, self-closing boot lid and doors, electric windows with a jam-protection feature (lowering when encountering an obstruction), rear-parking markers in the US (which appeared on the rear wings when in reverse), and a heating system which emitted warm air while residual energy was available after the engine was turned off.

In 1993, Mercedes-Benz model nomenclature was rationalized, with the SE/SEL/SEC cars becoming the S-Class and alphanumerical designations inverted (e.g. the both 500SE and 500SEL became S500 regardless of wheelbase length). In 1995, the W140 received a minor facelift featuring clear turn signal indicator lenses on the front and rear as well as headlamps fitted with separate low- and high-beam reflectors for the US market. Following the mid-year facelift, the W140 coupé and sedan (Saloon) featured Electronic Stability Control.

1998 Mercedes-Benz S600. V12 engine

A W140 as a German taxicab

 

Fourth generation W220 (1998–2005)Edit

W220
Mercedes s klasse 1 sst2.jpg
Overview
Also called S280, S320, S320 CDI, S400 CDI, S350, S430, S500, S600, S55, S63, S65
Production August 1998 – July 2005
Layout Front enginerear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine 2.8 L 204 hp (152 kW) V6
3.2 L 224 hp (167 kW) V6
3.2 L 197 hp (147 kW) I6 diesel
3.2 L 204 hp (152 kW) I6 diesel
3.7 L 245 hp (183 kW) V6
4.0 L 250 hp (190 kW) V8 diesel
4.0 L 260 hp (190 kW) V8 diesel
4.3 L 279 hp (208 kW) V8
5.0 L 306 hp (228 kW) V8
5.4 L 493 hp (368 kW) V8
5.8 L 367 hp (274 kW) V12
5.5 L 493 hp (368 kW) V12
6.3 L 444 hp (331 kW) V12
6.0L 604 hp (450 kW) V12
Transmission 5-speed automatic and 7-speed automatic (7G-Tronic)

In July 1998, the W220 was introduced. The W220 S-Class was completely restyled, with a body that was slightly smaller and lighter than its predecessor. Unlike its predecessor, the W220 was not the first model to feature the company’s new design theme for the next generation of Mercedes-Benz. This honor was given to the A-Class when it launched in 1997. The new S-Class incorporated the new styling cues first introduced on the Mk I A-Class the year before (for example, the dashboard carried over the new styling details first seen in the A-Class), with a renewed focus on elegance and style in a more rounded shape compared to the preceding W140. Despite being smaller, the W220 S-Class offered more interior space than the W140. Production of the W220 S-Class totaled 485,000 units, slightly more than the production totals from the W140. The W220 was produced in a sedan version only.[5]

As with each new S-Class, the W220 brought in innovations such as Airmatic air suspension and Active Ventilated Seats (which used miniature fans in the seats to move air through perforations). A navigation system with center console-mounted screen display was introduced, along with the COMAND input control system. Other options included keyless entry and ignition, a radar-controlled Distronic cruise control system and a cylinder shut-off system called Active Cylinder Control. The 4MATIC all-wheel drive system was introduced to the North America market S-Class for 2003, complementing the traditional rear-wheel drive configurations.

The W220

While Consumer Reports classified the W220 model’s reliability as “poor,” its lowest rating, and declared it one of the “least reliable luxury cars,”[6] Edmunds gave the S-Class a 5 out of 5 reliability rating[7] and MSN Autos assign an expert rating of 9.0 out of 10.[8] By March 2011, Consumer Reports had changed its reliability ratings for the 2001 and 2002 S-Class as having improved to “average”. Build quality was generally considered to be good. For instance, Forbes described the W220 S500 as “built remarkably well.”[9] Early W220s were recalled for issues with the trunk spring and the hydraulic fuel line; there were no recalls for the 2005 or 2006 model years.

In 2002, Mercedes-Benz introduced the world’s first preemptive safety system on the W220 with its first iteration of Pre-Safe. The W220 S-Class received an exterior refresh with updates to the front fascia. The grille angle was adjusted to a slightly more upright position, and the xenon-discharge headlamps were given a new transparent housing, replacing the earlier opaque versions. The front bumper’s lower air intakes were also restyled. In 2005, the S-Class was the first vehicle to receive a TÜV Institute environmental certificate from the German Commission on Technical Compliance for environmentally friendly components.[10]

Introduced in 2003, the S65 AMG offered the most powerful engine ever available in the S-Class.

EnginesEdit

The W220 was available with more engine options than the W126 or W140. The range started with smaller 3.2L 224 hp (167 kW) V6 motor, which was superseded by an enlarged 3.7 L 245 hp (183 kW) V6 in the S350. The S430 was powered by a 4.3 L 279 hp (208 kW) V8 and the S500 was powered by a 5.0 L 306 hp (228 kW) V8. The S55 AMG was outfitted with a supercharged 5.4 L 493 hp (368 kW) V8 motor, the S55 AMG 2000/2001 was outfitted with the naturally aspirated 5.4 L 360 hp (270 kW) V8 motor. The S600 was outfitted with a 5.5 L 493 hp (368 kW) V12 twin turbo engine, the S600 2000/2001 was outfitted with the naturally aspirated 5.8 L 367 hp (274 kW) V12 engine.

For one month in 2001, AMG produced the S63 AMG, which was sold in very limited numbers. The S63 was powered by a 6.3 L 444 hp (331 kW) V12. An undisclosed number of them were sold exclusively through AMG in European and Asian markets. A handful of the S600 AMG “collectors edition” were produced in the later years of the W220, much the same specs as the S63 AMG, but with an improved interior and voice command. The S600 AMG were one of the earlier models to be introduced with the Euro 4 emissions system. The S65 AMG was introduced in 2003 and went on sale in 2004 as a 2005 model. Powered by a 6.0 L 612 horsepower (456 kW) V12 twin turbo motor, the S65 was the most powerful S-Class, as well as the world’s most powerful production sedan. The S65 had a 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) time of 4.2 seconds (conservative MB estimate) and an owner-tested time of 3.8 seconds and could reach 100 mph (160 km/h) under 9 seconds. Furthermore, a simple software upgrade pushes the engine to 740 hp and well over 850 ft/lbs tq.

Fifth generation W221 (2005–2013)Edit

W221
Mercedes-Benz S 350 BlueTEC (W 221, Facelift) – Frontansicht, 2. April 2011, Düsseldorf.jpg
Overview
Also called S250 CDI, S300, S350 (BlueEFFICIENCY, BlueTEC), S400 HYBRID, S450, S550(500), S600, S320/S420 CDI, S63, S65
Production 2005–2013
Model years 2006–2013 (Europe)
2007–2014
Body and chassis
Layout Front enginerear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive
Related Mercedes-Benz CL-Class
Powertrain
Engine

2.1 L diesel 204 hp (152 kW) I4
3.0 L diesel 258 hp (192 kW) V6
3.5 L 306 hp (228 kW) V6
3.5 L hybrid 295 hp (220 kW) V6
4.7 L 335 hp (250 kW) V8
4.7 L 435 hp (324 kW) V8
5.5 L 382 hp (285 kW) V8
5.5 L 510 hp (380 kW) V12
5.5 L AMG 536 hp (400 kW) V8
6.0 L AMG 621 hp (463 kW) V12

6.2 L AMG 525 hp (391 kW) V8

Transmission 7-speed (5-speed on S65 & S600) automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase SWB: 3035 mm
LWB: 3165 mm

Highway Police vehicle of the Royal Thai Police in Thailand. (Identifying marks of the police unit edited out for security purposes).

The all-new W221 was introduced in the autumn of 2005 at the Frankfurt International Motor Show, with sales starting in autumn of 2005 and export to other markets beginning in 2006. The W221 S-Class made its North American premiere at the 2006 North American International Auto Show in January. The latest S-Class is slightly larger in all dimensions than its predecessor, and it features three newly developed engines with up to 26% power increase. The interior is completely new, all materials have been upgraded and make for a more luxurious ride, and the center console transmission gear lever has been replaced with a column-mounted shifter. New technological features on the W221 include an infrared Night View Assist feature and the latest Mercedes-Benz pre-collision system. The W221 features sharper exterior styling (most notably wide fender arcs) and technological improvements. The W221 is the second consecutive generation of the S-Class to be solely produced in a sedan body style.

Models sold in North America are the S450 (2008– , SWB and Canada only), S400 Hybrid (2010– ), S350 Bluetec 4MATIC (2012- ), S550, S600, S63 AMG and S65 AMG; other models to be sold outside North America include the S280, S350, S300, S420 CDI and S320 CDI. The first W221 model released in North America and Japan was the S550 (called S500 outside North America and Japan), with the S600 arriving in the following spring.[11][12] Mercedes Benz Mexico also produces a police spec model of the S-600, the S-600P. The S-600P is similar to the standard S-600 but is equipped with the dual turbo charged V-12 engine of the S65 AMG and includes police lights, siren, run-flat tires, a gun mount, a Lanix computer station integrated with the host police network, optional prisoner cage and restraint seats, and level B6/B7 armoring. The S-600P is only built in Mexico and only comes in long-wheelbase version. The Mexican government uses S-600P’s mainly for transporting important figures, but several police departments in wealthier cities in the country use them as patrol vehicles, as does the Mexican Federal Police in limited numbers. A small number of S-600P were purchased by the police department of GuangzhouChina for protection of key government figures.

W221, S500 model

In the US for the 2010 model year, the S-Class received a facelift across the entire model line in mid-2009. Daytime LED running lights were fitted to the outer edges of the bi-xenon lamp units. The rear end was accented with a total of 52 distinctively arranged LEDs in the two taillights. Gone are the body-colored strips through the tail lamps. Other noticeable changes at the front of the car are a more pronounced arrow-shaped grille, plus a new front bumper with a light-catching contour and a chrome strip below the cooling air intakes. New, sleeker rear-view door mirrors with LED turn signals were also added. Exhaust tailpipes of all S-Class variants were visibly integrated into the rear bumper. The wheels were updated to more modern-style ones. Also new is a S400 Hybrid version. Safety also improved on most Mercedes Benz models, with the orange-colored light reflectors mounted on the side of the bumpers. Also, before it was updated it had a C-Class look at the front. Afterwards it disappeared. Also, some shiny chrome is added to the bottom of the doors and bumper.[13]

In terms of performance, the S550 completes the 0–60 mph run in just 5.4 seconds. Despite having a weight of 2304 kg, the S65 AMG still makes it 0 to 60 in just 4.2 seconds.[14] The S 63 AMG and the S600 makes the same sprint in about 4.6 seconds. Mercedes-AMG claim that the S63 will pull from 50 mph to 70 mph in around 3.9 seconds while the S65 make it from 50 mph to 70 mph in 3.6 seconds.

2010 Mercedes-Benz S400 BlueHybrid (US)

The brakes continue to become more advanced with the new Brake Assist Plus system monitoring for an impending collision and increasing braking if needed, while the Distronic Plus radar guided cruise control can now bring the car to a complete stop.[15] This system works in outdoor conditions; a test demonstration by Mercedes-Benz in a crash-test hall resulted in embarrassment for the company when a new S-Class crashed into the back of a stationary W220 S-Class. This incident was later attributed to the radar system malfunctioning inside the radar-reflective (i.e. radar-confusing) steel test building where the event was filmed.[16]

Upscale department store Saks Fifth Avenue offered 20 special-edition S600 sedans for sale in its 2005 Christmas catalog. All 20 cars, priced at US$145,000 each, sold on November 22, 2005 in under seven minutes. The Saks-edition S600 sedans were finished in a mocha black exterior with an almond beige interior and were the first examples of the S600 to be sold to private owners. The S600s came with nearly every option standard. In 2007, Automobile Magazine named the W221 S-Class as one of its 2007 “All-Stars” over rivals from Lexus and BMW,[17] and Car and Driver selected the S550 as the winner in a five-way comparison test of flagship luxury sedans,[18] as did Motor Trend Magazine in July 2009 in a three way comparison test, with the other two competitors being the BMW 750Li, and Audi A8L 4.2 Quattro. The W221 S-Class was also the recipient of several other motoring awards (see following).

Sixth generation W222/C217 (2013–present)Edit

 

 than the outgoing model. Some interesting features include a large front grille inspired by the F

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